Analyze the dramatic effect of Act 1. Scene 5 in Romeo and Juliet Essay op (2023)

There are several techniques illustrated in Act 1. Scene 5 that evoke myriad emotions from the audience. These can provoke different reactions, sometimes humorous, sometimes disturbing. Either way, all techniques illustrate to viewers just how famous this piece can be, based on two intense lovers and the extremes they go to to contain their passion. To kick things off, "Romeo and Juliet" opens with a gripping prologue made up of several puns to produce a synopsis of the next play.

Afterwards, this prologue leaves the audience waiting for the next one after formulating vivid ideas in their heads, or maybe even frustrated thatthe whole gameit was revealed.This sets the knowledge for the next piecein the minds of the viewers. To understand why Shakespeare decided to use this absurd technique, which today would be considered play-destroying in some ways, one has to go back to the conditions in the theaters of the 16th century. Usually the theater was not really reserved for the upper class, as it was the only form of entertainment.

People would be found standing, not sitting, in a central ring. These circumstances often lead the audience to talk rather than pay their attention to what is presented to them. For example, Shakespeare produced a clever technique that captures the viewers. When words like mutiny broke out in a hall in Shakespeare's day, men were probably fascinated by the prospect of violence and sword fights. This perception of hatred, evil and strife creates a colorful, if not gory, perspective in the public imagination.

This undoubtedly gives a desire forsee and hearthe inevitable bloodshed. By rules like Where Civil Blood Makes Civil Hands Unclean. may deduce the audience that the next one involves the taking of lives. This is further supported by lines like Doth, who buried his parents' conflict with his death. clearly shows that the two lovers Romeo and Juliet will simply die from the cold word, death. The audience is even more captivated and seeks more details. Shakespeare has achieved so much, but not everyone goes to the theater for pure blood and gore.

To meet this demand,Shakespeare introduces the themelove in the prologue. But the way he uses this theme is very sophisticated, for the simple reason that this piece is a tragedy. The prologue cannot be just hugs and kisses, otherwise the whole plot could fall apart. Instead, he juxtaposes the love-related lines with the evil lines. Something like an equation, or maybe even an equation; to dissolve hate one must love, but that love can bring the most horrific cruelty before a result is achieved. Verses such as The terrible passage of his love marked by death clearly show this vision.

Looking at the above, you can see that the negative issue, the death of Romeo and Juliet, is present through their love for each other. The text for this line tells us that Romeo and his Juliet are from opposite families and would naturally hate each other. This tells us why these lovers must fear a terrible demise, for great threats are present. At the time, the announced passion was reportedly very controversial, as relationships were said to be settled rather than blooming with love.

Thus, the audience is once again captivated to know how two people can risk their dignity to put themselves in the position they occupy. By uniting these two highly evocative and powerful emotions in one context, Shakespeare enhances the integrity of his work and somehow captures everyone that they are in some way desperate to witness the next scenes. One wonders why this play seems to have such a negative vibe, even at such an early stage.

it is overhuman naturenatural empathic abilities that force us to think about what happened to these lovers who could have been so happy. Act 1 Scene 5 is like a crossroads in the play where all these prologue themes seem to meet and get involved; therefore, the audience is deeply focused on this scene to answer the questions they asked in the prologue. How did these two absurd individual characters meet? All the answers are here. In Act 1, Scene 5, the playcentral charactersare all collected; friends and foes.

The effect of this is enormous, with the ferocious Tybalt next to Romeo on the same stage. However, there is harmony between the two, the wonderful Juliet seems to be a piece of peace between the two colossal forces generated by hatred. this sceneleading to some dramatic consequences of eventswho have arrived at this feast. For example, Mercutio's death occurred because Tybalt knew of Romeo's presence at the feast. Tybalt planned to kill Romeo later, but Mercutio was killed in Romeo's place when he gave up the fight.

As in the prologue, one can see the opposing forces, love and hate, side by side, or rather, opposites, in a situation where only one of these strong emotions can show its presence. It's perfectly justified to see Romeo flirting, because that was the point of the party. This is because, without knowing who the intruder is, the actions would be mutual between the guests. However, if Tybalt attacked Romeo at any point, the Capulet's honor would fall, especially when they were threatened by the Prince not to commit a similar act.

As the audience witnesses Tybalt's extreme anger, a sudden mysterious air is added to the already tense environment. Romeo and his friends shouldn't be at the party in the first place, and it's terrible when Tybalt of all people becomes aware of their presence. It can be assumed that there will be a large queue, where someone may die. WHO? ' remains the question. In a corner you can hear Romeo muttering his feelings for Juliet, who is too beautiful to be used, too precious! While Tybalt steams.

The audience is amazed at the great danger that Romeo puts himself. Some may think their time is almost up, as stated in the prologueRomeo will inevitably die at some point in the play.. Arecreates a sense of excitement in the audience. Other people may recognize this scene as the point where Romeo and Juliet meet, their love blossoms, given that hate brought the two together. It seems somewhat ironic how opposites of this extreme attract. Shakespeare's language is one of the most effectivedramatic techniques used in this piece.

The language he uses is incomparable, with intense puns that cancreate atmospheresof all kinds of nature. To begin with, one can look at the extensive vocabulary Romeo uses in his soliloquy at the feast. Her first line, O she learns to shine the torches: 'show us at once how remarkable Juliet is to Romeo, how she is brighter than a flame, and that she really could teach the torches to shine. This is just an example. Romeo constantly compares Juliet's beauty to dull subjects. In the shadow of the masquerade ball, Juliet is like a white angel, pure and fresh.

For example, Romeo describes Juliet as a precious jewel in an Ethiopian's ear. An Ethiopian is an Ethiopian and Ethiopians generally have a very dark complexion, perhaps the darkest in the world. Leaving aside a rich jewel like a diamond, we would see a striking contrast. For example, the text suggests that Juliet stands out among the other masked guests at the ball. Romeo's monologue is definitely a sonnet. This is suggested by its fourteen line length and the fact that it is built in iambic pentameter (ten beats/syllables per line); there is also a regular rhyme scheme (A-B-A-B-C-D-C-D-E-F-E-F-G-G).

Sonnets are mostly love poems, so it goes without saying that Shakespeare decided to use these kinds of poetic lyrics. When Romeo and Juliet kiss, the language is densely descriptive for several reasons. If Romeo touched Juliet it would be considered disrespectful, so a kiss would be beyond the word controversial. That's why Shakespeare pays a lot of attention to this particular moment. It can be deduced from the text that this kissing scene is sacred. The way the lips are symbolically represented as pilgrims on their way to their saint, the body of Juliet on a holy journey to a shrine.

The journey is passion and the sanctuary is pure Juliet herself. Lines like My lips, Two blushing pilgrims and For saints have hands touching pilgrim's hands clearly show this image. This part of the text only describes the kiss on Juliet's hand, to soften the rough touch Romeo's hands made on Juliet's hands. The kiss itself was Romeo's attempt to purify himself, and Juliet submits to it, labeling it the answer to a prayer. The following lines show this: Julia - The saints do not move, although they give because of prayers. Romeo – Then do not move while I receive the effect of my prayer. [he kissed her]

Thus my sin is cleansed from my lips to yours. Here Juliet says that the saint recites prayers, knowing what Romeo wants, and then his prayer is answered. Juliet later says that she herself was covered by this sin, and Romeo kisses her again to cleanse her. This shows the audience what Romeo thinks of Juliet's hand, how she is considered a virgin life form, just like an angel. Meanwhile, while Romeo and Juliet are engaged, Tybalt's anger can only grow when he sees Romeo enjoying himself at the party, until Tybalt knows that Romeo has been dragged into the party against his will.

To convey this to the audience, Tybalt's language begins to rhyme. When that happens, the effect is many times more effective. For example, if Tybalt says, "A villain who is here has come to despise our solemnity to-night," and I will withdraw, but this intrusion, which now seems sweet, must turn into bitterest bile. These lines certainly suggest Tybalt's extreme anger at Romeo's presence in the Capulet mansion. Each rhyme sounds like a tremendous amount of pressure is being applied to it, as if the words are spoken through bitter frustration and pain.

You can imagine an angry person spitting out these words violently. If you examine what Tybalt says, they can see how angry he is when he says he now looks like sweet gal. Tybalt says how he will avenge Romeo's performance at the feast and his withdrawal from killing Romeo was all to preserve Capulet's honor, which will not last forever. Romeo and Juliet contains many devices that hold the audience's attention from start to finish.

This was absolutely essential because, as I said before, audiences in Shakespeare's time were on their feet, so it would be natural for someone's attention to wander, as they would be on their feet for a full two hours. Therefore, it will be absolutely crucial to hold the audience's attention. For starters, Shakespeare maintains an exciting flow of writing across the board. It contains a vivid description so that a clear picture can be painted on stage visually and physically. There are examples in Romeo's sonnet-like monologue, which is itself a dramatic technique.

Verses like So showing an encounter with a snow pigeon with crows make for a clear comparison between Juliet and the other dancers. The fact that all dancers are masked at the ball creates a lot of tension because no one knew who was who and the chance of two enemies crossing each other was very high. This reportedly caused a stir among the public and intrigued them even more to witness what happened. Soliloquies are ways of conveying to the audience exactly what is going through the character's head. Today it is a rare technique due to the available electronic devices.

But in Shakespeare's day, these computer-generated electronic stories weren't available, and narration is poor dramatic technique if not done right. A monologue can be decisive; for one's thinking can influence the consequences during the rest of the play. This fact probably meant that the audience was straining to hear what someone was saying; therefore, they could gain a better understanding of why some of the events that took place in the incredible prologue actually happened. There's an ironic element to it that two enemies can be brought together without foreknowledge or by actually attacking each other.

Instead, a member of the enemy falls in love with the beauty on the other side. this spotcreates tensionwhat the consequences could be. Will the awkwardness of loving the enemy lead to more bloodshed, or will the two families remain neutral? After studying Romeo and Juliet one can clearly see how Shakespeare used his divisive techniques effectively to create a play so mesmerizing and emotionally captivating that it is hard to look away from what is happening during the moving performance, for example in the theatre.

Shakespeare constantly engages the viewer through the tension he builds, placing his characters in awkward situations and formulating a negative conclusion throughout the play while suspending an element of hope, especially towards the end when the time has come for Romeo and Juliet to inevitably die . This excitement is a naturally pleasurable experience for most people as it is the ultimate form of entertainment. Examples of this can be found especially in Act 1, Scene 5.

The concept of a masquerade ball where friends and foes meet is eerily appealing. You may not want to see the consequences, but Shakespeare contains techniques so that the audience doesn't get sidetracked. They are monologues or stage actions like kissing, so the audience is somewhat forced to watch the rest. Personally, I believe that the piece is an exceptional work that leaves no room for improvement, as it constantly holds the attention of the audience and thus achieves its goal.

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What is dramatic irony in Act 1 Scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet? ›

Dramatic irony is when the audience knows something about present or future circumstances which the characters do not have any knowledge of. For example, the audience know that Tybalt sees Romeo at the Capulet party, but Romeo does not know Tybalt has seen him. ' This, his voice should be a Montague'.

What is the significance of Act 1 Scene 5 in Romeo and Juliet? ›

Act 1, scene 5 Capulet welcomes the disguised Romeo and his friends. Romeo, watching the dance, is caught by the beauty of Juliet. Overhearing Romeo ask about her, Tybalt recognizes his voice and is enraged at the intrusion. Romeo then meets Juliet, and they fall in love.

How is love shown in Romeo and Juliet Act 1 Scene 5? ›

In a dialogue laced with religious metaphors that figure Juliet as a saint and Romeo as a pilgrim who wishes to erase his sin, he tries to convince her to kiss him, since it is only through her kiss that he might be absolved. Juliet agrees to remain still as Romeo kisses her.

What is the dramatic effect of Romeo and Juliet? ›

Perhaps the clearest dramatic effect in Romeo and Juliet is how Shakespeare switches between love and hatred. This basic theme is summed up in line 166, Act 1, Scene 1: 'Here's much to do with hate, but more with love. ' The two topics are even included in the same breath, as Romeo talks of "loving hate".

What is an example of dramatic irony in Romeo and Juliet Act 5? ›

Lord Capulet and Paris think that Juliet is weeping for her dead cousin Tybalt, and that marrying Paris sooner rather than later is just the cure for her sadness. This is an example of… Dramatic irony: the audience knows the real reason why Juliet is crying: Romeo has been banished.

What is the dramatic irony in Scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet? ›

'I would the fool were married to her grave! ' Why is this ironic and what does it make us feel about Lady Capulet? This is dramatic irony because we already know from the prologue that the lovers will die because they became husband and wife in secret. The oxymoron makes us hate Juliet's mother for being so hateful.

What is the main conflict in Romeo and Juliet Act 1 Scene 5? ›

As Romeo and Juliet realize each other's identity, they're both stricken with grief. They have fallen in love fast and hard but know that the feud between their families means that there will be serious obstacles to their desire to be together.

How does Romeo act in Act 1 Scene 5? ›

Act 1, Scene 5

Romeo quickly spots Juliet and is captivated. At the same time, Tybalt spots Romeo and recognizes him as a Montague. He points him out to Capulet, who tells Tybalt to let it go—tonight is not the night for fighting. Romeo, meanwhile, woos Juliet, and the two share a kiss.

What is the figurative language in Romeo and Juliet Act 1 Scene 5? ›

What is a metaphor in Romeo and Juliet Act 1 Scene 5? Romeo compares his lips to pilgrims. Juliet responds that pilgrims can hold hands, a metaphor for kissing she uses to imply kissing should also bring comfort.

What does Act 1 Scene 5 reveal about Romeo's attitude to love? ›

Although Romeo begins to talk about love more positively when he falls in love with Juliet at first sight, he still employs words that carry a negative connotation. For example, when he takes her hand for the first time, he refers to his hand as a “rough touch” that he wants to smooth over with a “tender kiss.”

Do Romeo and Juliet kiss in Act 1 Scene 5? ›

Tybalt wants to remove Romeo from the party but Lord Capulet stops him. Romeo and Juliet meet and kiss each other before the Nurse calls Juliet away. Afterwards, they discover each other's true identity.

Is Romeo and Juliet Act 1 Scene 5 a sonnet? ›

When Romeo and Juliet meet they speak just fourteen lines before their first kiss. These fourteen lines make up a shared sonnet, with a rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg. A sonnet is a perfect, idealized poetic form often used to write about love.

What is an example of dramatic effect? ›

Examples of dramatic effects include insulin for diabetes, defibrillation for heart attacks, and drainage of an abscess.

What is the 5 part dramatic structure of Romeo and Juliet? ›

In tragedy, as in comedy, five stages may be noted in the plot development: (i) the exposition, or introduction; (2) the complication, rising action, or growth; (3) the climax, crisis, or turning point ; (4) the resolution, falling action, or consequence; and (5) the denouement, catastrophe, or conclusion.

What is the effect of dramatic effect? ›

Dramatic Effect is the ability to emphasize, embellish or enhance an emotion, feeling or happenstance depending on the situation. Typically an actor might employ physical and or emotional stage action to indicate to an audience a poignant moment.

When was dramatic irony used in Romeo and Juliet? ›

Romeo and Juliet is frequently cited as a prime example of dramatic irony for its famous conclusion in Act 5, Scene 3. Romeo, believing Juliet to be dead—due to an error of communication between Romeo and Friar Laurence—ends up killing himself out of grief, though the audience knows that Juliet is only sleeping.

What is one example of dramatic irony found in Act V? ›

Which is an example of dramatic irony in Act V, scene iii of Romeo and Juliet? Romeo thought Juliet was dead when he poisoned himself, but the audience knew she was alive.

How is dramatic irony used in Romeo and Juliet act 4 scene 5? ›

Paris tells Friar that he and Juliet will be married on Thursday. dramatic irony -This is what he expects, but we know it won't happen. Juliet says she would rather die than marry Paris. situational irony - She doesn't know it, but she will die instead of marrying Paris.

Why is Act IV Scene V an example of dramatic irony? ›

All of the characters think Juliet is dead, but the audience knows she is really alive. Because the audience knows Juliet is fine, it allows them to focus purely on the emotional weight of the scene, in which all of Juliet's loved ones experience the shock of seeing her 'dead.

What is the dramatic irony in Friar Lawrence's speech Act 4 Scene 5? ›

3. d. Friar Laurence's words in lines 64 to 83 are filled with dramatic irony in the sense that he and the audience, unlike the wedding party, knows that Juliet is not truly dead. Yet his speech would be appropriate if there was a premature death.

Why is Tybalt angry in Act 1 Scene 5? ›

Tybalt agrees to leave Romeo alone, but is really angry that his uncle sided with Romeo.

What type of conflict is in Act 1 of Romeo and Juliet? ›

The play opens with two servants from the house of Capulet talking about their hatred of the Montagues. They meet two servants from the house of Montague and a fight breaks out. Benvolio tries to stop the fight but when Tybalt arrives things get worse.

How is conflict presented in Romeo and Juliet Act 1 Scene 1? ›

Gregory sees two Montague servants approaching, and discusses with Sampson the best way to provoke them into a fight without breaking the law. Sampson bites his thumb at the Montagues—a highly insulting gesture. A verbal confrontation quickly escalates into a fight.

What is the theme in Act 1 Scene 5? ›

A prominent theme in this play is revenge and it is the main theme of Act 1 scene 5. Throughout the entirety of the play, Hamlet seeks revenge on Claudius because Claudius killed his father (King Hamlet). Hamlet goes to extreme measures in order to get revenge during this play.

What is an example of hyperbole in Romeo and Juliet Act 1 Scene 5? ›

Hyperbole in Romeo and Juliet: Act 1
If I profane with my unworthiest hand This holy shrine, the gentle fine is this: My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss.Scene V
Go ask his name: if he be married. My grave is like to be my wedding bed.Scene V
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Oct 30, 2022

What is the hyperbole in Romeo and Juliet Act 1 Scene 5? ›

'O she doth teach the torches to burn bright! ' - Romeo, line 43. Uses light imagery and hyperbole - Romeo says she shines brighter than a torch. This scene takes place at the Capulet ball.

What was Romeo's dream in Act 1 Scene 5? ›

In Mantua, Romeo awakens from a dream that foretells "some joyful news." He dreamt that Juliet revived him with a kiss, transforming him into an emperor. Romeo spots his servant Balthasar and, anticipating news from Verona, excitedly asks about Juliet. "Nothing can be ill," he says, "if she be well."

Why is Romeo in a good mood at the beginning of Act 5? ›

What is Romeo's mood at the beginning of this scene? He is happy because he dreamt he was dead and Juliet's kiss revived him.

Where is Romeo when Act 5 Scene 1 opens? ›

In Act 5 of Romeo and Juliet, Romeo is in Mantua awaiting Balthasar and news from the friar. He's feeling good at this point having just awakened from a dream where he dies and Juliet brings him back to life with a kiss.

What scene does Romeo sleep with Juliet? ›

Romeo and Juliet | Act 4, Scene 3.

What scene do Romeo and Juliet sleep together? ›

At the beginning of Act III, scene v, Romeo and Juliet are together in Juliet's bed just before dawn, having spent the night with each other and feeling reluctant to separate. We might conclude that we're meant to infer that they just had sex, and that may be the way the scene is most commonly understood.

What are the character traits of Juliet in Act 1 Scene 5? ›

Character Analysis

Juliet - Juliet is a dynamic character in this scene because she falls in love with Romeo. At this time she will soon be married to Paris, but she is motivated to try to stall as long as she can. She then sees Romeo and is lovestruck. She is motivated to know him and be with him now.

What is dramatic cause and effect? ›

Causation, or cause and effect, is simply an action with a reaction. When an event occurs, its effect impacts the course of the story, often changing the character or later events of a story dramatically. Cause and effect are also very important to plot, moving the action forward.

Is dramatic irony a dramatic effect? ›

Dramatic irony is a form of irony. It is both a literary and theatrical device in which the reader or audience knows more than the characters they are following. The characters' actions have a different meaning for the audience than they do for the actors or characters, and this device often lends itself to tragedy.

What is dramatic impact in drama? ›

(drəmætɪk ) adjective [usually ADJECTIVE noun] A dramatic change or event happens suddenly and is very noticeable and surprising.

What is the structure of act 1 Scene 5 Romeo and Juliet? ›

Structure of Act I Scene 5 Sonnet

Although it appears within the text of Romeo and Juliet these fourteen lines are structured in the form which has come to be synonymous with the poet's name. It made up of three quatrains, or sets of four lines, and one concluding couplet, or set of two rhyming lines.

What are the 5 dramatic structures? ›

The five-act structure is a formula that breaks a story into distinct sections: the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.

What are the 5 elements of the plot of Romeo and Juliet? ›

Separate the play into the Prologue/Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Denouement.

What is an example of the effect? ›

The effect of the change can be big or small, but the fact that something changed is what makes the noun form of effect so important. For example, you can feel the effects of a cold or an earthquake, and the sun coming out can have a positive effect on your mood.

What is the purpose and effect of dramatic irony? ›

The purpose of dramatic irony in creative writing is to engage the reader with the story. The writer does this by privileging the reader with information that the characters do not have. This creates a sense of tension between what the reader knows and how the characters behave.

What does dramatic drama mean? ›

dramatic, theatrical, histrionic, melodramatic mean having a character or an effect like that of acted plays. dramatic applies to situations in life and literature that stir the imagination and emotions deeply.

What is a dramatic irony in Romeo and Juliet? ›

In the most heartrending instance of dramatic irony, Romeo kills himself after seeing Juliet in her grave. Romeo's death is all the more tragic because the audience is aware that Juliet is in fact not dead, and had this information gotten to Romeo neither him nor Juliet would have died.

What is the example of dramatic irony in Act I Scene 6? ›

Summary and Analysis Act I: Scene 6

Duncan's speech on his arrival at Inverness is heavy with dramatic irony: Not only is the "seat" (the surroundings) of the castle "pleasant," but even the air is sweeter than that to which the king is accustomed.

What is an example of dramatic irony scene? ›

/drəˈmætɪk ˈaɪəni/ If you're watching a movie about the Titanic and a character leaning on the balcony right before the ship hits the iceberg says, "It's so beautiful I could just die," that's an example of dramatic irony.

What are the 3 types of irony in Romeo and Juliet? ›

Here are some of the forms of irony in Romeo & Juliet:
  • Verbal irony. The words literally state the opposite of the writer's (or speaker's) true meaning. ...
  • Situational irony. Events turn out the opposite of what was expected. ...
  • Dramatic irony (sometimes called tragic irony).

What effect does Shakespeare's use of dramatic irony create in this scene? ›

In Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, the technique of dramatic irony is used to increase the audience's feelings of suspense and interest, because the audience is already aware of the outcome for Caesar. Dramatic irony means that the audience knows more than the characters themselves.

What is an example of dramatic irony in Act 1? ›

Romeo says that he has a bad feeling about going to the party and he says that he fears for his own life. This foreshadows his death, which is also an example of dramatic irony because the reader knows that Romeo will die during the play.

What is the dramatic irony in Friar Lawrence's speech Act 4 scene 5? ›

3. d. Friar Laurence's words in lines 64 to 83 are filled with dramatic irony in the sense that he and the audience, unlike the wedding party, knows that Juliet is not truly dead. Yet his speech would be appropriate if there was a premature death.

What are the dramatic techniques used in Romeo and Juliet? ›

Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet utilizes metaphors, symbolism, oxymorons, and personification to further his theme of nature to describe and illustrate his story. The theme of nature is closely tied to the story. The overarching theme of nature is broken down into the earth and stars.

What type of irony is dramatic? ›

Dramatic irony is a form of irony that is expressed through a work's structure: an audience's awareness of the situation in which a work's characters exist differs substantially from that of the characters', and the words and actions of the characters therefore take on a different—often contradictory—meaning for the ...

What is an example of dramatic irony in Act 4 Scene 4? ›

What is ironic in Romeo and Juliet Act 4 Scene 4? There is dramatic irony in this scene because the audience knows something that the characters do not. The audience is aware that Juliet has drunk a potion that will make her seem to be dead, creating tension in the scene.

What is an example of dramatic irony in Romeo and Juliet Scene 4? ›

This scene has a great example of dramatic irony, a device in which the audience or reader knows information that some characters do not. For example, we as readers know that Juliet is already married to Romeo and that she is more upset about his banishment than she is about Tybalt's death.

How is dramatic irony used in Act 1 Scene 3? ›

In act I scene 3, the witches address Macbeth by stating ''All hail, Macbeth, hail to thee, thane of Cawdor!'' This exemplifies dramatic irony because the audience knows the Thane of Cawdor has died in battle and Macbeth has succeeded this title while Macbeth does not know this information.


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